We have developed this post for youth of Pakistan which are trapped by fake news and conspiracy theories
بھٹو کیسے زندہ ھے اور کیوں زندہ رھے گا۔ پلیز تھوڑی سی توجہ چاھئے۔ پاکستان کے نوجوانوں کے لئے بطور خاص۔ شکریہ۔
The Bhutto government established around
6,500 elementary schools,
900 middle schools,
407 high schools,
51 intermediate colleges and
21 junior colleges.
Bhutto’s government founded Abbasi Shaheed Hospital in Paposh Nagar Karachi in 1974.
Bhutto’s government established Sindh Medical College karachi on April 7 1973.
Bhutto’s government established chandka medical college larkana in April 20 1973.
Bhutto’s government established bolan medical college Quetta in 1972.
Bhutto’s government established Allama Iqbal Medical College Lahore (then Lahore Medical College) on May 2 1975.
Bhutto’s government established Hayat Shaheed Teaching Hospital Peshawar in 1976 (now is called khyber teaching hospital).
Bhutto’s government made Islamic and Pakistan studies compulsory in schools.
Book banks were created in most institutions and over 400,000 copies of text-books were supplied to students.
Bhutto established Gomal University Dera Ismail Khan in 1973 and world class Quaid-e-Azam University and Allama Iqbal Open University in Islamabad in 1974.
Bhutto established the Allama Iqbal Medical College in 1975.
In 1974, with the help of Dr Abdus Salam, Bhutto gave authorisation of the International Nathiagali Summer College on Contemporary Physics (INSC) at the Nathiagali and as even as of today, INSC conference is still held on Pakistan, where thousands of scientists from all over the world are delegated to Pakistan to interact with Pakistan’s academic scientists.
In 1976, Bhutto established the Engineering Council, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Pakistan Academy of Letters and Cadet college Razmak in North Waziristan.
further four new Universities established at Multan, Bahawalpur, and Khairpur.
People’s Open University is another innovative venture which has started functioning from Islamabad.
For Hostels, Directions were issued that fans, water-coolers and pay-telephones must be provided in each and every hostel in as short a time as physically possible.
Seven thousand new hostel seats were planned to be added to the existing accommodation after the 1977 election.
The agricultural land ceiling, for the first time, was fixed, in Bhutto’s period, to 150 acres of irrigated land and 300 acres of non-irrigated land.
Huge tax exceptions were also introduced for small landowners.
Bhutto upgraded a number of dams and barrages.
Bhutto Government initiated schemes for combating water logging and salinity.
In 1976, the Bhutto government established Federal Flood Commission (FFC), and was tasked to prepare national flood protection plans, and flood forecasting and research to harness floodwater.
Bhutto government launched programs to put the country on to self-sufficiency in rice, sugar, wheat and industries.
Bhutto’s nationalisation of industries heavily benefited the poor mass, but badly upset the influential feudal lords.
In Balochistan, Sardari System was abolished.
KESC was created and kept under complete government control with no private influence.
Bhutto also established
the Port Qasim,
Pakistan Steel Mills,
the Heavy Mechanical Complex (HMC)
and several cement factories.
Throughout Bhutto’s period the growth rate of economy relative to that of the 1960s remained at equilibrium level despite the global oil crises in 1973 and without USAid and with USA sanctions.
Bhutto’s policy largely benefited the poor and working class when the level of absolute poverty was sharply reduced.
The land reform programme provided increased economic support to landless tenants.
Development spending was increased especially in health, education, roads, rails and airports constructions.
Foreign companies and industries in Pakistan were exempt from nationalisation to keep the flow of investment intact.
In 1973, Bhutto said that: “activity of public sector or state sector prevents the concentration of economic power in few hands, and protects the small and medium entrepreneurs from the clutches of giant enterprises and vested interests” in front of investers of Lahore Chamber of Commerce.
In July 1973 Bhutto founded the National Development Finance Corporation(NDFC) with an initial government investment of 100 million rupees. The NDFC is currently the largest development finance institution of Pakistan. 42 projects financed by NDFC have contributed Rs. 10,761 million to Pakistan’s GDP and generated Rs. 690 million after-tax profits and 40,465 jobs.
The Bhutto government increased the level of investment, private and public, in the economy from less than Rs. 7,000 million in 1971–72 to more than Rs. 17,000 million in 1974–75.
Bhutto amended banking laws forcing banks to ensure 70% of institutional lending should be for small land holders of 12.5 acres or less. It was a revolutionary idea at a time when banks only clients were the privileged classes.
The number of bank branches rose by 75% from December 1971 to November 1976, from 3,295 to 5,727. It was an exceptional move by Bhutto to expand banks branches
covering all towns and villages with a population of 5,000.
By the end of the Bhutto government concentration of wealth in few hands had declined sharply compared to height of the Ayub Khan era.
By 1974, exports exceeded one billion dollars, showing a 60% increase over the combined exports of East and West Pakistan before separation.
It was met even the world was in the midst of the major 1973 oil crisis and in the middle of global recession the national income of Pakistan increased by 15% and industrial production by 20% in four years of Bhutto’s period.
While foreign agents continued to sabotage Bhutto’s government as people saw discovery of Iraqi arms in Islamabad in February 1973 and as
Saddam’s government continued to provide weapons to separatists in Pakistan and allowed to open an office for the Baluchistan Liberation Front (BLF) in Baghdad and
it all exposed when Akbar Bugti defected to Bhutto, revealing a series of arms stored in the Iraqi Embassy.
The operation was carefully analysed and at 0:00hrs (12:00 am), SSG Division accompanied by Army Rangers stormed the Embassy. Military Police arrested the Iraqi Ambassador, the military attache, and Iraq’s diplomatic staff. Following the incident, authorities discovered 300 Soviet submachine guns with 50,000 rounds of ammunition and a large amount of money that was to be distributed amongst separatists.
Bhutto’s successful diplomatic offensive against Iraq isolated Saddam internationally with global condemnation.
Gradually the tribesmen started coming out of the Sardars’ quarantine.Modern amenities, for instance medical aid, automobiles for passenger transport and schooling of children became available in the interior of Baluchistan for the first time, since 1947.
The Bhutto government constructed 564 miles of new roads, including the key link between Sibi and Maiwand creating new trade and commerce centres.
Bhutto government gave the right of a passport to every citizen of Pakistan.
From Frontier province alone 35,000 workers were given the opportunity to work in the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia.
Bhutto used the Pakistani community of Europe to lobby and influence European governments to improve the rights of expatriate Pakistani communities in Europe.The remittances from overseas Pakistanis, as a result, increased around $US25 billion per annum.
In 1973, the Bhutto government instituted Labour Courts for the speedy redress of workers’ grievances.
The Bhutto Government abolished the workers’ contribution to the Social Security Fund; instead, the employers were made to increase their contribution from 4 to 6%.
The Bhutto’s government, for the first time in pakistan, introduced Worker’s Compensation Act to constitute and enhance compensation rates according to economic conditions.
In 1972 the Bhutto government provided for old age benefits for workers through group insurance, increased rates of compensation and higher rates of gratuity.
The Bhutto government also introduced a pension scheme of old age benefits which would provide a payment of Rs.75 a month to workers and skilled workers after retirement at the age of 55 for men and 50 for women, on condition that the worker had completed a minimum of 15 years insurable employment. This applied to all factories, industries, and establishments employing ten or more workers drawing monthly wages up to Rs. 1,000.
Bhutto’s vast knowledge, intelligence, and keen awareness of post-World War II, and the nuclear history, enabled him to craft the foreign policy which brought unmatched benefits in Pakistan’s foreign policy history.
In Bhutto’s view, Japan had been under the United States’ influence, and much bigger role of Japan in Asia would only benefit American interests in the region.
However, much of the Bhutto’s policy efforts were reverted by General Zia-ul-Haq and were again restored in favor of feudal lords and thieves later after Bhutto’s execution.